This tutorial shows how to install docker on ubuntu. Most of the applications and software packages now are available as docker images and it is essential to know how to install docker to be able to get those images and build and run docker containers based on the images.
Also in this tutorial, we show how to change the docker folder. For example, you can have a mount disk folder and wanted to change the docker directory to that mounted folder to avoid space issue especially when you downloading big docker images.
So for start, we add a proper package repository before downloading docker and then install docker and check it is running as below:
sudo apt install apt-transport-https ca-certificates curl software-properties-common curl -fsSL https://download.docker.com/linux/ubuntu/gpg | sudo apt-key add - sudo add-apt-repository "deb [arch=amd64] https://download.docker.com/linux/ubuntu bionic stable" sudo apt update apt-cache policy docker-ce #install docker sudo apt install docker-ce #check docker service is running sudo systemctl status docker
In this step we want to change the default docker directory to another directory (ex: /mnt/docker).
In order to do that we update the /lib/systemd/system/docker.service file and change the ExecStart line as below.
Once we change the file, we stop the docker service and then reload and restart the docker service so the new changes applies:
# change docker folder by editing below file and change the ExecStart in that file vim /lib/systemd/system/docker.service ExecStart=/usr/bin/dockerd -H fd:// --containerd=/run/containerd/containerd.sock -g /mnt/docker #after saving the file we stop the docker service systemctl stop docker # since we stop the docker service the below command should return anything: ps aux | grep -i docker | grep -v grep #Restart the docker service to apply new changes. systemctl daemon-reload systemctl start docker
Finally your docker service has installed and you should be able to run below command to test the docker is running:
docker run hello-world